Agreement With Israel
Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the UAE`s de facto ruler, says that his price for the deal was Israel`s agreement to stop the annexation of large parts of the West Bank. According to the International Business Times, the treaty was generally viewed with skepticism by people from Gulf countries outside the United Arab Emirates.  Emiratis who criticized the deal online were the many than those who supported it due to a crackdown against dissent, with many of those opposing the deal living outside UAE. An open online signature campaign against the agreement launched by the UAE Anti-Normalization Association had received 1.7 million signatures as of 17 September.  “Personally, I have spent time with the leaders of Israel and the E.U. during our government developing the case for cooperation and broader engagement and the benefits they could bring to both nations, and I welcome today`s announcement,” Biden said. These two Gulf countries could follow the UAE in formalizing relations with Israel, but the major player remains Saudi Arabia, the richest country in the Arab world and host of Islamic holy sites in Mecca and Medina. Analysts said they suspected Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the kingdom`s de facto ruler, of taking such a step, but of monitoring conservative elements in his country. Well, the U.A. had always been open to a closer relationship with Israel. But there were things holding him back. And the most important was the emergency situation of the Palestinians. As long as there was a consensus in the Arab world that the Palestinians were oppressed by Israel, there was no way for the U.A.
to get closer to Israel, even if they were interested because they felt they had this common enemy in Iran. The agreement was a major political turnaround for Mr. Netanyahu, who has long insisted on expanding settlements in the occupied West Bank in an effort to annex the territory. Mr. Netanyahu was under political pressure to be flexible, as three new elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021. In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that West Bank settlements were not contrary to international law, a decision that threatened the two-state solution, long seen as the key to a lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, developed by Jared Kushner, the president`s top adviser, and published in January 2020, endorsed Mr.
Netanyahu`s plan to reintegate existing settlements.